MANTURA (SMALL PIPE)
It is mainly played in Crete and is made only from reed. Its mouthpiece, closed by the knot of the reed, is of the clarinet type, with a thin tongue. This part enters the whole mouth, where the tongue throbs and creates the sound. Mandoura or padura and bandura, played mainly in Crete, is a clarinet type instrument, with a single tongue. It has a thin tongue on the top of it, which is closed by the reed knot, cut into the wall of its cylindrical loudspeaker. When playing, this part enters the whole of the mouth and there, with the whistle, the tongue is throbbed and creates the sound. The tongue is usually cut from the bottom upwards. However, it is also cut in the opposite direction, from top to bottom, with the mouth of the tongue near the knot of the reed. The mandoura is made of "reed" in various sizes, from about 20 cm to about 25 cm, and usually has 4 or 5 holes, and rarely 6. It is also made from a thicker rod, and in this case usually thin part with the tongue that comes in the mouth. There is also double-mindedness: two nuts connected with fiber or string. Essentially, the making and playing of the mandoura is a preparation for the tsabouna and the bagpipe. Decoration in the flute and the surail - and rarely in the mandoura - is usually limited to engraved patterns, sometimes geometric and sometimes the plant animal world.